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No.31


2014.11

APWINC NEWS

Latest News


KOICA Indonesia

Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) hosted training program, "Capacity Building of Gender Policy (Indonesia)", organized by AWPINC, finished successfully on November 1st at Centennial Hall at Sookmyung Women's University. This 12 days of training program started on October 21st was aimed to improve capacity of Indonesian government officials in gender policies and gender related administrative services areas. The program was consisted of lectures, workshop and study visits. 15 participants attended the program and fruitful action plan have resulted from the workshop.

UNDP

The final Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) meeting was held from November 13th to 14th at UNIFE in Lima, Peru. The Director and a researcher of APWINC, the partners from Peru (UNIFE) and Colombia (EAFIT) attended the meeting. During the meeting, it was able to take time to look back the whole three-year project and to share each other's experience. It was also discussed about the future plans after the termination of the project.
After M&E meeting, APWINC attended "2014 Global South-South Development (GSSD) Expo" held in Washington D.C. from November 17th to 21st as one of the exhibitors. At the Expo, APWINC presented the achievements of "Innovative Strategies for Andean Women's participation in Digital Economy" project and it was recognized as one of the best sample of South-South cooperation.

GLOBAL NEWS

Reports & Papers

Gener&ICT
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TITLEThe Effects of Gender Differences in Ict Application: Bridging the Gap of Knowledge and Skills among Teachers
AUTHOR(S)M. Nur Mustafa
PUBLISHER/DATEAustralian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, July 2014,
SUMMARY This study aims to examine gender differences in term of ICT usage, knowledge, skills and application among teachers. The study also examines the extent of the knowledge and skills in bridging genders gap particularly of the ICT usage among teachers. The study also identifies the relationship of gender with ICT application, knowledge and skills among teachers. Female secondary school teachers were found to have lower ICT knowledge, skills and ICT applications when compared to male teachers. Due to that, further studies should be done by studying various backgrounds of respondents, as to see whether these differences are influenced by income, education level, and teaching experience. Hence, courses and in-service training are steps to be taken by the Ministry of Education in order to equalize the differences of ICT knowledge, skills and application between male and female teachers. Training can also serve as confidence booster for the teachers in using ICT. The study found that teachers' skills are the highest influential factor in the application of ICT in teaching and learning. Therefore , the main focus in improving the application of ICT among teachers should be by given them more opportunities to be able to explore various types of ICT facilities, this in the long run will definitely increase the skills. Read More
TITLETowards Gender Equality in Education Policies and ICTs
AUTHOR(S)Kirrin Gill
PUBLISHER/DATEIntel Corporation 2014
SUMMARY Education and ICTs have been two of the most powerful forces of change in the last century, opening the doors to knowledge, opportunity, and better quality of life for people in all corners of the globe. Education of girls and women has numerous benefits, including better health, lower fertility, and reduced infant mortality. ICTs enable women to increase their productivity and economic opportunities, improving their lives and those of their families and contributing to their communities and economies in the process. Furthermore, ICT in Education Policy can connect education transformation to important social and economic development goals, such as promoting gender equity and reducing the gender gap. Gender gaps in education and use of ICT are holding women and girls back from tapping their potential. About two-thirds of illiterate adults in the world are women Furthermore, ICT in Education Policy can connect education transformation to important social and economic development goals, such as promoting gender equity and reducing the gender gap. Gender gaps in education and use of ICT are holding women and girls back from tapping their potential. About two-thirds of illiterate adults in the world are women Read More

ODA
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TITLEThe Quality of Official Development Assistance 2014
AUTHOR(S)Nabil Hashmi, Nancy Birdsall, Homi Kharas
PUBLISHER/DATECenter for global development, July 2014
SUMMARY The Quality of Official Development Assistance (QuODA) measures donors' performance on 31 indicators of aid quality to which donors have made commitments. The indicators are grouped into four dimensions associated with effective aid: maximizing efficiency, fostering institutions, reducing the burden on partner countries, and transparency and learning. The 2014 edition finds that donors are overall becoming more transparent and better at fostering partner country institutions but that there has been little progress at maximizing efficiency or reducing the burden on partner countries. The World Bank's concessional lending arm, the International Development Association (IDA), performs very well in QuODA, ranking in the top 10 of 31 donors on all four dimensions. Donors have not improved, however, on maximizing efficiency. Among other reasons is that many donors' administrative unit costs have risen and now exceed 13 percent as a share of total aid. Read More
TITLEShifts In Financing Sustainable Development: How Should Africa Adapt In 2014?
AUTHOR(S)Amadou Sy
PUBLISHER/DATEAfrica growth initiative 2014
SUMMARY Africa has a large financing gap to not only sustain its current rapid rate of economic growth but also fund its transformation. The growth in external resources has the potential to complement domestic resources to achieve sub-Saharan Africa's ambitious transformational strategy. Deepening domestic financial sectors and developing local capital markets remain high on the policy agenda. Sub-Saharan African countries need to continue making more efficient use of their existing financial systems and improve their mobilization and allocation of resources to growth-enhancing investments. While attempting to raise more innovative capital, policy makers should start by asking themselves a simple but important question: What is the money for? Read More

Cross-Cultural Understanding
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TITLEWorkplace Bullying across Cultures: A Research Agenda
AUTHOR(S)Kathryn JL Jacobson, Jacqueline N Hood and Harry J Van Buren III
PUBLISHER/DATEInternational Journal of Cross Cultural Management April 2014
SUMMARY Workplace bullying has increasingly become of interest to scholars and practicing managers due to its creation of dysfunctional intra organizational conflict and its negative effects on employees and the workplace. Although studies have explored bullying in different cultural contexts, little research exists that provides a comparison of bullying behaviors across cultural dimensions. This article describes a new research agenda that analyzes the impact of specific cultural dimensions assertiveness, in-group collectivism, and power distance—on organizational bullying. An expanded categorization of bullying prevalence and form is also proposed, with implications for both future research and organizational practice provided. Organizational bullying is becoming an important topic for management research. In part, this is because of increasing interest among individuals and within organizations about the quality of interpersonal relationships as well as the monetary costs associated with bullying. Such research would be enhanced by attention to cultural dynamics as they affect behaviors in organizations. We have thus drawn on research from the GLOBE studies of cultures to describe how the prevalence and form of organizational bullying differs based on cultural differences. Read More
TITLEWhy critical intercultural communication studies are to be taken seriously in cross-cultural management research?
AUTHOR(S)Laurence Romani, Marie-Thérèse Claes
PUBLISHER/DATEInternational Journal of Cross Cultural Management, vol. 14 no. 1 127-132, April 2014
SUMMARY What does the consideration of race, ethnicity or sexual preferences have to do with cross-cultural management? The Handbook of Critical Intercultural Communication is a collection of chapters that articulate alternative and very novel views on cross-cultural research. It is inspiring: very many chapters are captivating and generate new ideas and thoughts to the readers. It is also mortifying to realize how, in research and teaching alike, we have sometimes involuntarily contributed to the oppression of the cultural Other despite our intentions to the opposite After this read, adopting a non-critical (in brief, not considering power relationships) position in our work on cross-cultural management appears to be naive and vain. But the most rewarding aspect of this read, beyond the novelty of its approach, beyond the many inspirations it triggers and beyond the increased awareness we reach, is the realization that we can add to our achieved knowledge in cross-cultural management a critical (power) perspective that will not undermine our previous work, but rather make it stronger. Read More

Entrepreneurship & Social Enterprise
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TITLESocial Innovation Mapping: Social Entrepreneurs Changing Lives Through ICT
AUTHOR(S)Reem Rahman AND Leland Smith
PUBLISHER/DATEAshoka, September 2014
SUMMARY In 2012, Intel and Ashoka came together to invest in technology-based innovations on a global level in order to enrich the lives of vulnerable groups and build their potential as change makers. The partnership resulted in the election and support of eight new Ashoka Fellows, including social entrepreneurs with system-changing technology-based solutions that improve the lives of women and girls, as well as to launch the She Will Innovate Competition. Overall, this report aims to build an understanding of the potential for ICT's role in creating remarkable social impact, and to identify key challenges that can be overcome in order to accelerate social entrepreneurs' impact. With hope that this will inspire increased adaptation of technology, spark conversations between social innovators that will spread highly effective solutions, and inspire technologists to leverage their skills they make a contribution as change makers. Read More
TITLEBook Review: Women Entrepreneurs in the Global Market Place
AUTHOR(S)John Watson
PUBLISHER/DATEInternational Small Business Journal vol. 32 no. 5 593-594,August 2014
SUMMARY The book outlines the global progress that has been made by women entrepreneurs in the last three decades, highlighting the factors that have led to their success and the issues that might be impeding their ability to advance entrepreneurially. The insights developed and shared in this book will be of interest not only to potential women entrepreneurs, but also to those organizations that have been established to help these women; also, to regulators and policy makers charged with trying to develop a more entrepreneurial culture as a means of stimulating economic growth and reducing poverty (particularly for women and their children). With respect to policy makers, it is clear that government policies (for example, to stimulate SME growth) need to be designed with a proper understanding of the various motives and goals of SME owners, and the external environmental factors that can have an impact both on their decision to start a new venture. Read More

News & Article

Gener&ICT
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TITLEIGNITE: Technology Is a Women's Rights Issue
AUTHOR(S)Dr. Musimbi Kanyoro
PUBLISHER/DATEHuffington post, 20 November 2014
SUMMARY From the Internet to mobile phones, technology enables us to connect with each other and the world around us in new and innovative ways. Yet there is a serious gender gap when it comes to technological access, literacy, and influence. At the end of 2013, an estimated 200 million fewer women than men had access to the Internet. If nothing is done to address this gap, it is projected to grow to 350 million within three years. Mobile phones are more and more essential to daily life (indeed, more people around the world own mobile phones than toothbrushes), but women are 21% less likely to own a mobile phone than men. Beside the lack of access to technology, we also know that too few women are leaders, innovators, and decision makers in today's digital world. Global Fund for Women's new online campaign and multimedia project IGNITE: Women Fueling Science and Technology is a global platform to demand change. IGNITE gives voice to girls and women who are demanding a place at the table and demonstrates how addressing the global gender gap in science and technology will unlock creativity, propel innovation, and create equality. Read More
TITLEITU releases annual global ICT data & ICT Development Index country rankings
AUTHOR(S)Sanjay Acharya
PUBLISHER/DATEITU, 24 November 2014
SUMMARY Latest data according to ITU's flagship annual Measuring the Information Society Report show that Internet use continues to grow steadily, at 6.6% globally in 2014 (3.3% in developed countries, 8.7% in the developing world). The number of Internet users in developing countries has doubled in five years (2009-2014), with two thirds of all people online now living in the developing world. "ICTs have the potential to make the world a much better place - in particular for those who are the poorest and the most disenfranchised, including women, youth, and those with disabilities," said ITU Secretary-General Dr Hamadoun I. Touré. "This important report is a critical part of the global ICT development process. Without measurement we cannot track progress, which is why ITU gathers ICT statistics for 200 economies across over 100 indicators." "It is precisely in poor and rural areas where ICTs can make a particularly significant impact," said Brahima Sanou, Director of ITU's Telecommunication Development Bureau, which produces the report. "New analysis featured in this report shows that many of the indicators of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) show significant correlation with the IDI, notably those related to poverty reduction and health improvement. The report also finds that progress in ICT development is linked to progress in achieving some of the MDGs. ITU has long been a vigorous champion of ICTs as a cornerstone of socio-economic development." Denmark ranked Number One in ITU's ICT Development Index (IDI)*, a composite measurement that ranks 166 countries according to their level of ICT access, use and skills (Chart 1). It is followed by the Republic of Korea. Read More

ODA
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TITLEEnhancing Climate Resilience of the Vulnerable Communities and Ecosystems in Somalia
AUTHOR(S)UNDP
PUBLISHER/DATEUNDP, 21 November 2014
SUMMARY In recent years, Somalia has experienced changes in weather and climate that are affecting the country's economic and social development. The country is also facing increasing uncertainty for seasonal and annual rainfall levels, rising surface temperatures, sea level rise, and the loss of lives and livelihoods dependent on fragile or over-exploited ecosystems and natural resources. There is concern that future climate changes could exacerbate displacement in the region and intensify conflict over scarce natural resources, including water. The Government of Somalia, in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), is set to begin an innovative project enhancing climate resilience of vulnerable communities and ecosystems through a US$8 million initiative. "To date most support to Somalia has been relief and reconstruction, but we are now moving beyond this, and will start addressing some of the real drivers of conflict to enhance resilience, especially within the most vulnerable communities," said Tom Twining-Ward, UNDP/GEF Global Technical Advisor. Read More
TITLEAfrican presidents 'use China aid for patronage politics'
AUTHOR(S)Mark Anderson
PUBLISHER/DATEThe guardian, 19 November 2014
SUMMARY Most of the $80bn of development funds sent to Africa went to areas where national leaders were born rather than the most needy, says AidData report. China says it spends more than half of its foreign aid in 51 African countries, and AidData, an open-source data centre, says Beijing sent more than $80bn in "pledged, initiated, and completed projects" between 2000 and 2012. Most of that aid went to areas where national leaders were born, indicating a strong political bias, AidData said. "As soon as a region becomes the birthplace of an African president this region gets 270% more development assistance (from China) than it would get if it were not the birth region of the president," said Roland Hodler, professor of economics at the University of St Gallen in Switzerland and co-author of a report, Aid on Demand: African Leaders and the Geography of China's Foreign Assistance, published in conjunction with the database. African leaders are almost three times more likely to spend Chinese development aid in areas where they have ethnic ties, casting doubt on the humanitarian effectiveness of Beijing's strict "hands-off" policy in the continent. Read More

Cross-Cultural Understanding
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TITLEArgentina introduces wines at tasting event
AUTHOR(S)Park Yuna
PUBLISHER/DATEKorea Joongang Daily, November 19 2014
SUMMARY Twenty-one wineries from the nation placed several of their most representative brands on each table to show their quality. Argentine wines are relatively new to Koreans compared to consumers in other countries. "We only have two Argentine wines at our restaurant," said Kim Seung-jong who works at Vinamour, a wine bar in Mapo District, northeastern Seoul. "So my boss sent me here to explore Argentine wines."The tasting event was part of promotional agency Wines of Argentina and the Argentine Embassy's efforts to publicize their products in Asia. Korea is the fourth-largest market for wine in Asia following China, Japan and Hong Kong, said Mario Giordano, the general manager of Wines of Argentina. Jorge Roballo, Argentine ambassador to Korea, said that about 60 companies here currently import wines from his country, but he added that many do not market these brands because they lack knowledge about them. The fact that there is no free trade agreement (FTA) between Korea and Argentina is another barrier that hinders Argentine wines from penetrating the Korean market. Importers can buy wines from Chile, which has an FTA with Korea, for example, relatively cheaper in comparison. Read More
TITLERoyal letters reveal ancient use of Hangeul
AUTHOR(S)Limb Jae-un
PUBLISHER/DATEKorea.net , November 21 2014
SUMMARY The National Hangeul Museum has recently published a collection of books containing modern interpretations of three books written in Hangeul by royals and an aristocrat from 18th century Joseon (1392-1910). They are "Letters of King Jeongjo," "Gonjeoneopil, Writings of Queen Hyo-ui," and "A Letter to the King by Lady Kim." Until now, only three out of the 16 Hangeul pieces in "Letters of King Jeongjo" had been unveiled to the public. This is the first time for all 16 letters to be made public, letters which the king wrote when both a child and when he sat upon the throne. The book contains the only remaining written Hangeul letters scribed by King Jeongjo. Among the remaining written examples of Hangeul, those written in a child's handwriting are particularly rare. These books are pieces of historical evidence that reveals that the royals and aristocrats of late Joseon times often used Hangeul in their daily life.Read More

Entrepreneurship & Social Enterprise
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TITLEWhy Japan And China Cannot Compete With America in Entrepreneurship
AUTHOR(S)Panos Mourdoukoutas
PUBLISHER/DATEForbes, November 20 2014
SUMMARY Japan and China are lagging far behind the US in global entrepreneurship, according to the recently released 2015 Global Entrepreneurship Index. Japan is to be found in the 33th and China in the 61 position. That may come as a disappointment to some. China and Japan are the world's second and third largest economies, respectively. What can explain Japan's and China's entrepreneurial lag? For Japan, the problem is mostly demographic, a shrinking pool of young talented individuals-a group that is usually engaged in entrepreneurial activities. Tight immigration policies and a conservative business culture add to the talent shortage, because they make it difficult for Japan to attract and retain foreign talent. For China, the problem is more fundamental - entrepreneurship does not blend well with the country's culture of Confucian conformity to existing norms. That's certainly a sharp contrast to competing international talent destinations like the US, Canada, and Australia, and the other countries on the top of the index. Read More
TITLEEntrepreneurship Ends Poverty
AUTHOR(S)April Annechiarico
PUBLISHER/DATEemerge poverty free, November 19 2014
SUMMARY emerge poverty free, together with our partner Special Children, Special People (SCSP), provides training in tailoring skills to women on the outskirts of Kampala, Uganda. Many of the women in the programme either have a disability or are a family member of a person with a disability. This training offers these women an opportunity for sustainable income generation and economic empowerment. family commitments. They also tend to be concentrated in low-skilled and labour-intensive sub sectors. Empowering women to achieve sustainable solutions to fight poverty is a core value at emerge poverty free. We aim to make a lasting difference so we work alongside people in some of the poorest countries on earth, working with them and their community organizations to find a path out of poverty. We believe women have a very important role in a poverty free future, and that is why we are proud to be supporting Women's Entrepreneurship Day, 19 November 2014. That is a part of the Entrepreneurship Ends Poverty Project for Global Entrepreneurship Week 2014. According to the International Labor Organization, there are 812 million women living in developing countries with the potential to contribute more fully to their economies. Depending on where they live, women only have access to 58-70% of the economic, educational, health and political resources and opportunities available to men. Read More
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