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뉴스클리핑  l  매월 아태여성정보통신원의 활동사항과 여성, 정보통신기술, ODA, 융합 및 창업에 관련된 소식을 영문으로 제공합니다.

No.30


2014.09

APWINC NEWS

Latest News


Colombia, Ecuador and Peru have completed their Training Replica during August and September. Each country had trained local women to cultivate knowledge on economics, ICT skills and entrepreneurship. It can be expected to promote the women's participation in e-business.

Two researchers from APWINC visited three countries to monitor each country's Training Replica and the progress of the project. Also it has been discussed about the final Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) meeting which will be held in November.
The e-Service Development Workshop has successfully finished, which was held from September 23 to October 1 at Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul. This workshop is a part of the 2012 ROK-ASEAN Cooperation Project, 'Development and Delivery of Livelihood-Based e-Service for ASEAN Women'. With an aim for sharing knowledge and skills in realms of public e-Service, the 18 participants (10 of local researchers and 8 of public officials) from ASEAN member states were invited.

They have demonstrated their active participation in developing e-Service Action Plan for each country. These outcomes will be a solid foundation for developing e-Service toolkit which is a next step of the project.

Upcoming News

  • The final Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) meeting will be held in 13-14 of November, in Peru. The partners from Colombia, Ecuador and Peru will be gathered in Peru and will share their experiences and know-hows from the project. It is 3-year project which has begun since 2012 and this is the last year of the project. So the termination and the future of the project will be also discussed during the meeting.

  • APWINC will organize training program for Capacity Building of Gender Policy (Indonesia) which supported by Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) of Republic of Korea. The training program is aimed to provide an opportunity to build capacity of gender policy and administrative ability by using ICT skills. The trainees are subject to 15 Indonesian government officials and it will be held from 19th to 31st of October.

GLOBAL NEWS

Reports & Papers

Gener&ICT
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TITLEHow Modernization Instigates Social Change: Laptop Usage as a Driver of Cultural Value Change and Gender Equality in a Developing Country
AUTHOR(S)N. Hansen, T.Postmes, K. A.Tovote and A.Bos
PUBLISHER/DATESage, 2014
SUMMARY In terms of cultural change, children with laptops came to endorse more modern cultural values of achievement, self-direction, universalism and benevolence. Consistent evidence from the report also showed that change in modern cultural values statistically mediated the effects that laptop usage had on attitudes toward gender equality. This research examined how technology usage can instigate social change in a developing country. The research expected that technology usage leads to changes in modern cultural values and attitudes toward gender equality while traditional values persist. This was tested in an information and communication technology (ICT) for Development Aid project among Ethiopian children who had received a laptop. Important is that in Ethiopia, family structure is highly important and that children (in particular girls) are the lowest status household members. It is not customary for children to be seen to be acting or thinking independently, nor to own any valuable goods. Thus, pieces of sophisticated and unknown technology were given to the lowest status household members. The manner in which ICT was offered to girls and boys, in contrast, was on the basis of equality. Thus, technology use should change both females' and males' values to the same extent. Read More
TITLEYouthMobile Initiative Successful in Hosting App Development Training in South Sudan
AUTHOR(S)Lydia Gachungi
PUBLISHER/DATECommunication & Information Sector, Sep16.2014
SUMMARY From 12 to 22 August 2014, UNESCO, in partnership with Zain, The Dev School of Kenya, and the University of Juba, hosted its first YouthMobile workshop on mobile app development for 40 university students in South Sudan. The YouthMobile Initiative empowers young people with the skills and confidence to build mobile applications for sustainable development. In South Sudan, participants were able to create 10 mobile apps that addressed locally-relevant challenges such as peace, youth unemployment and literacy.

Students started developing their mobile applications on day four of the 10-day training, giving each team approximately one week to develop the application. For many students, the concept of using ICTs and mobile phones for development was a new one.Read More

ODA
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TITLEMutual Priority and Aid Effectiveness: Is South Korea a Major Donor to its Major Recipients?
AUTHOR(S)Oh, J.
PUBLISHER/DATEPacific Focus, April 1 2014
SUMMARY South Korea is one of the top donors in just a few countries. Its ODA amount was ranked as third in Uzbekistan and Mongolia in 2010.South Korea's aid budget is still very small compared with other donors, yet its aid is becoming proliferated and the country is still a minor donor to many of its major recipients. Although South Korea emphasizes "selection and concentration" in allocating its ODA, this study reveals that South Korean ODA should focus on fewer countries than the current 26 priority recipient partners. This would allow South Korea to be a dominant donor in at least a few countries, and potentially to play a major role in these countries' development. The fact that there are 26 priority countries is an indication of South Korea's proliferated aid; thus, the country ends up being a minor donor in these countries. Read More
TITLETrajectories of Japanese and South Korean Environmental Aid: A Comparative Historical Analysis
AUTHOR(S)Aki Tonami and Anders Riel MÜller
PUBLISHER/DATEThe Journal of Environment Development, June 2014
SUMMARY The five areas of Japanese and South Korean environmental aid: the bureaucratic and institutional imperatives the internal procedures and processes, the stated policies, the practices and particular attitudes that underlie them, and the broader impulses behind aid. This gives them an opportunity to play a significant role in the global aid community Japanese and South Korean aid systems are under strong pressure to obtain and spend money, which is based on bureaucratic and institutional imperatives such as interagency competition over fund allocations and the procedures of fiscal allocations. Given South Korea's more fragmented structure, interagency competition appears to be fiercer, leading to competing programs and projects under various ministries and agencies. Both countries are sensitive to external criticism, particularly from the OECD-DAC, but they seek to deflect criticism by emphasizing their particular expertise and development experiences. The Japanese have a relatively longer history of giving aid and therefore a longer history of the involvement of the public. As a result, Japanese aid, including environmental aid, seems to reflect more the opinions of domestic business and the public. In the case of South Korea, environmental aid has primarily been guided by the vision of the president while the public and NGO sector have less influence on aid policy formulation Read More

Cross-Cultural Understanding
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TITLEUnderstanding My Culture Means Understanding Myself: The Function of Cultural Identity Clarity for Personal Identity Clarity and Personal Psychological Well-Being.
AUTHOR(S)Usborne, E. and de la Sablonnière
PUBLISHER/DATEJournal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 2014
SUMMARY Indeed, current events in our world indicate that a clear cultural identity serves an important psychological function. Today, Indigenous peoples are fighting to restore a clear cultural identity after negative histories of colonization. Groups across the globe are constructing multiple cultural identities as different cultures intersect. They are struggling to maintain a clear understanding of what it means to be a member of their particular cultural group in our rapidly globalizing world. Even those who engage in acts of terror could be conceived as resolving an identity crisis, fighting for a clear understanding of who they are as members of their cultural or religious group. In terms of these current events a clear cultural identity is psychologically important for the individual, and it is now essential for us to understand the broader implications of the importance of cultural identity clarity. Those who are struggling to come to terms with who they are in today's world need not fight against change but instead examine their personal perceptions of their cultural context.Read More
TITLEUnderstanding Ethnicity and National Culture: A Theoretical Perspective on Knowledge Management in the Organization.
AUTHOR(S)Khan, S. R. and Khan, I. A.
PUBLISHER/DATEKnowledge and Process Management, May 2014
SUMMARY A knowledge organization is best understood as a subset of a learning organization, which has long-term capabilities to capture knowledge and empower continuous transformation. Knowledge Management has a great role to play in organizational learning, development of intellectual capital, communities of practice, knowledge teams, and networks . It also allows organizations to deal with uncertainties and to plan their management accordingly. In Knowledge Management organizations, in addition to the extraction and systemization of explicit knowledge, Knowledge Management also struggles to find the sources of tacit knowledge, to explicate and improve access to this knowledge, and to induce collaborative learning and integration across functional areas. Contemporary research on organizational learning and knowledge creation suggests that cultural values of individual employees deeply impact the learning, communication, and knowledge sharing in the organization. Ethnic and cultural diversity seems to be a potentially large and rich reservoir of tacit and experiential knowledge. Knowledge Management efforts can become a way to accumulate this knowledge that will generate new knowledge. Also, how people learn is significantly defined by their culture, and in the organizations, learning takes prime importance to take advantage of the intellectual potential of an organization . On the other hand, the presence of racial fragmentation across countries can impede growth and may also be a hallmark of unsuccessful organizations. This focus provides an understanding of how culture may play a significant role in facilitating or hindering knowledge sharing in culturally diverse teams and organizations. Read More

Entrepreneurship & Social Enterprise
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TITLETransition from Part-Time Entrepreneurship to Full-Time Entrepreneurship: The Role of Financial and Non-Financial Motives
AUTHOR(S)Jörn H. Block, Andreas Landgraf
PUBLISHER/DATEInternational Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, July 2014
SUMMARY For part-time entrepreneurs, the transition to full-time entrepreneurship represents an important decision. Previous research shows that part-time entrepreneurs are more likely than other individuals to become full-time entrepreneurs. So far, little is known about the determinants of transition. This study finds that many of the variables that are of great importance in other areas of entrepreneurship research, such as gender or entrepreneurial experience, have little explanatory power regarding transition behavior, which highlights the uniqueness of part-time entrepreneurs as a group. Part-time entrepreneurs are a very heterogeneous group and it is shown that the transition behavior is partly determined by the motivation behind part-time entrepreneurship. Hobby part-time entrepreneurs or part-time entrepreneurs who want to supplement wage incomes are less likely to show transition behaviors, whereas part-time entrepreneurs striving for independence are more likely to turn into full-time entrepreneurs. The latter finding is in line with prior entrepreneurship research showing that the desire for independence is a strong driver for full-time entrepreneurship. We argue that the desire for independence can only be fully achieved in full-time entrepreneurship. Part-time entrepreneurs are not independent and often still constrained by their wage job. Read More
TITLE"The Most Supportive Environment in the World?" Tracing the Development of an Institutional 'Ecosystem' for Social Enterprise
AUTHOR(S)Michael J. Roy, Neil McHugh, Leslie Huckfield, Alan Kay, Cam Donaldson
PUBLISHER/DATEInternational Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 2014
SUMMARY While numerous accounts of policy frameworks associated with country-level support for social enterprise activity exist, explanations for when, why and how policy interventions in support of social enterprise have been adopted have been, to date, much more thin on the ground. This paper aims to contribute to addressing this perceived gap by presenting the case of Scotland, recently hailed by First Minister Alex Salmond as "the most supportive environment in the world for social enterprise." However, rather than claiming that the conditions in Scotland are the 'most supportive in the world for social enterprise' perhaps it would be more productive to ask whether the conditions are the most supportive they can be for Scotland. There are a number of considerable challenges facing public services and no end of 'rallying cries' for the Third Sector to step forward. Whether Scotland is 'enterprising' enough to rise to meet the evident and obstinate problems facing society in a sustainable and innovative fashion, in a future likely to be marked by much less public money to address these grand challenges, remains to be seen. Read More

News & Article

Gener&ICT
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TITLESingapore Youth and Tech Community Gathered for the First Ever-Tech Fest
AUTHOR(S)Infocomm development authority of Singapore
PUBLISHER/DATEInfocomm development authority of Singapore September 6, 2014
SUMMARY The mission of the Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore (IDA) is to develop information technology and telecommunications within Singapore with a view to serve citizens of all ages and companies of all sizes. With a curiosity to find out more about what it's like to work in tech, more than 500 youth participated in the first-ever Tech Fest on 6 September 2014. Professionals from global tech companies, up-and-coming start-ups and local tech groups shared their experiences and advice with these participants. Tech Fest seeks to raise awareness of the tech industry among the youth, while providing them the opportunity to network, as well as learn and dabble with some of the latest technologies. The highlights from the afternoon of activities included a live demo of the Red Rhino - a made in Singapore open-top fire-fighting vehicle; exploring a Nanyang Polytechnic student project which uses Microsoft Kinect sensor for infantry training; students writing their first lines of code in Ruby and Python; as well as a mock interview session with Google.Read More
TITLEChina Investors scouring for Gold, Copper, Infrastructure Assets
AUTHOR(S)Reuters
PUBLISHER/DATEThe Economic times Sep 22,2014
SUMMARY A growing number of private sector Chinese investors are on the hunt for gold and copper resources in countries such as Australia and Canada, advisers and analysts said. Growing investment abroad has been identified by Beijing as a strategic priority as it looks to slow the rise of its foreign currency reserves and help its firms climb up the global value chain. China this month simplified rules to make it easier for domestic companies to invest overseas. Its outbound direct investment by non-financial firms hit $90.2 billion in 2013, up 16.8 percent from the previous year.Jia Yu, a director at a unit of state-owned China Power Investment Corporation, said that each year at least 30 percent of the company's total revenue has been targeted from overseas investment."The Chinese government has strong motivational policies and we have strong pressure," she said.Read More

ODA
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TITLESeoul's ODA Budget Jumps 9 Pct for Next Year.
AUTHOR(S)Yonhap
PUBLISHER/DATEYonhap news Agency, September 18, 2014
SUMMARY South Korea's total annual ODA, including free grants and credit assistance, reached 2 trillion won as of 2014, with the foreign ministry's ODA budget used to hand out grants to under-developed countries through its ODA agency, Korea International Cooperation Agency."The ODA budget has been sharply increased as the country seeks to intensify its role in the international community as a middle power nation," the official said. South Korea's budget for official development assistance (ODA) to underdeveloped nations will jump 9 percent next year as it seeks to boost its contributions to overseas aid efforts, the foreign ministry said. Read More
TITLEForeign Aid for Development Assistance
AUTHOR(S)Anup Shah
PUBLISHER/DATEGlobal Issues, September 28, 2014
SUMMARY Foreign aid or (development assistance) is often regarded as being too much, or wasted on corrupt recipient governments despite any good intentions from donor countries. In reality, both the quantity and quality of aid have been poor and donor nations have not been held to account. There are numerous forms of aid, from humanitarian emergency assistance, to food aid, military assistance, etc. Development aid has long been recognized as crucial to help poor developing nations grow out of poverty. In 1970, the world's rich countries agreed to give 0.7% of their GNI (Gross National Income) as official international development aid, annually. Since that time, despite billions given each year, rich nations have rarely met their actual promised targets. For example, the US is often the largest donor in dollar terms, but ranks amongst the lowest in terms of meeting the stated 0.7% target.Read More

Cross-Cultural Understanding
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TITLEKorean Language Schools in US Getting Popular Among Locals
AUTHOR(S)Business Korea
PUBLISHER/DATEbusiness Korea, September 10, 2014
SUMMARY According to the Korean Education Center in New York on the weekend of Sept. 6, many locals have enrolled in Korean language schools that are located on the east coast of the U. S. in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. Korean language schools in the U. S. the majority of which use classrooms at local public schools, have two semesters, with each semester lasting from 12 to 15 weeks. Three to four hours of classes are held every week. The primary curriculum of these Korean language schools are the history and culture of Korea based in the Korean language. Each level is divided by age and grade. More and more locals have registered their children for these Korean language schools, largely due to the effects of Hallyu fever and the efforts of Koreans to include the Korean language in the regular school curriculum as one of the regular second language courses in U.S schools.Read More
TITLEChange afoot in Pyongyang? In Fashion, yes
AUTHOR(S)The Korea Herald
PUBLISHER/DATEThe Korea Herald, September 28 2014
SUMMARY Most North Koreans remain too poor to think much about fashion, and the country in general maintains a deep-rooted resistance to outside influences. But in Pyongyang, where the standard of living is relatively high, clothes and styles have been changing in recent years - slowly and in a limited way, but more than many outsiders might think. Not surprisingly, young women are leading the way. And they care a lot about shoes. Handbags and other accessories are everywhere. Women's clothes have become tighter. Shirts, trousers and dresses are often formfitting. Women's hairstyles have become more similar to styles seen overseas. Makeup has changed, too. Men lag behind, but the young, at least, are catching up. There is a clear trend for young men to wear more flattering, tighter shirts, with back darts and sharper, harder collars. Overall, the look for both young men and women is basically old-school preppy, with an emphasis on clean and simple lines.Read More

Entrepreneurship & Social Enterprise
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TITLEreSET To Award Connecticut's Social Entrepreneurs on October 28th
AUTHOR(S)Suzi Craig
PUBLISHER/DATEthe whiteboard , September 22, 2014
SUMMARY Each year, reSET celebrates Connecticut's top social entrepreneurs with cash prizes and public recognition for their business viability and potential for creating social impact. The 4th Annual "Social Enterprise Awards: Superheroes of Social Enterprise," is a celebration of Connecticut social entrepreneurs with the most viable, sustainable, market-based solutions for some of our state's most pressing social problems. Winners of the 2014 Social Enterprise Awards will receive prizes of unrestricted capital to advance their business to the next level, public recognition, and valuable business advisory services provided on a pro bono basis by prominent local businesses. This year's top prize is $15,000, and the total pool exceeds $30,000. Along with celebrating the award winners, Will Haughey, co-founder of Tegu Corp., will accept reSET's "Social Innovator Award" on behalf of himself and his brother, co-founder Chris Haughey. Will Haughey will also provide keynote remarks. From now until September 30th, votes from the general public are being collected to nominate a "People's Choice Award," which will be announced at the event. You can vote on the reSET website or on Facebook.Read More
TITLE2014 Incheon Asian Games : Dreams of 4.5 Billion Becoming One Asia
AUTHOR(S)Business Korea
PUBLISHER/DATEBusiness Korea, September 19, 2014
SUMMARY On September 19th the Incheon Asian Games kicked off with the focus on overseas marketing and public relations .The Incheon International Airport has been utilized as a tool for promotion, too. For instance, promo videos have been shown on Media Walls, U-Signage, and Multi Cubes at the airport to achieve a high publicity effect. Publicity towers have been built at the City Hall subway station and the Seoul Plaza in Seoul, too. The Incheon Asian Games is also expected to be a venue where cuisines of a wide variety of countries will be paraded. The Asian Culinary Culture Festival inviting restaurants and master chefs from 10 Asian countries will provide visitors with excellent things to see and taste. The opening and closing ceremonies of the Incheon Asian Games share the theme of "Dreams of 4.5 Billion Becoming One Asia." The opening event was held on the theme of "Meet the Future of Asia," and the closing ceremony's title is "Asia Will Remember Incheon."Read More
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